fixed : Time Capsule shuts down almost immediately after startup

Question :

I have a 1st generation Time Capsule that always used to work fine, but recently it shuts down almost only seconds after I turn it on.

How can I solve this ?

 

Answer :

Most of the time, this problem can be solved rather easily.

The cause could be a broken HardDrive inside your Time Capsule (if that’s the case, go here to see instructions on how to replace the HD), but most of the time this specific problem turns out to be an overheated (and therefore broken) power unit.

Even though this type of Time Capsule is marked obsolete by Apple, it will still function in your current WiFi network and can still be configured using the current AirPort Utility app version 6 and newer.

The main problem is probably not going to be to replace the power unit, but finding a new power unit. You might find one on Amazon, but since it will probably be a secondhand item, your will probably have more luck searching for an “A1254 power unit” on eBay, AliExpress or Google Shopping

When you have found a new (secondhand) A1254 power unit, you can build it into your A1254 “1st generation” Time Capsule this way :

  • put the Time Capsule upside-down and use a hairdryer to heat up the rubber base plate and loosen it’s glue (if you don’t do this, you will probably rupture the base plate when you try to take it off)
  • then follow the iFixit manual for replacing the power unit¬†and make sure not to skip the important comment at Step 2 : “The two screws in the top center of this picture should not be removed at this time. They are locating pins on the hard drive.”
  • after taking out the broken power unit and putting in the new (secondhand) power unit in, put your Time Capsule back together doing the iFixit steps in reverse order
  • after plugging the Time Capsule into the power, you can reinstall it into your WiFi network using the AirPort Utility app on your Mac (or on your iPhone/iPad)

That’s it ūüėČ

enjoy !

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fixed : upgrade broken HD in old Time Capsule

Question :

My 1st generation Time Capsule always used to work fine, but now the internal HardDisk is broken.

Can I replace the HardDisk easily ?

 

Answer :

Yes you can.

In the ‘old’ flat Time Capsule (like the A1254 “1st generation” Time Capsule), the HardDrive is rather easy to replace. And even though Apple has marked this TimeCapsule ‘obsolete’ it is still able to preform properly and it can be maintained using the current AirPort Utility version 6 and newer.

To do so, follow these steps :

  • get yourself a new HardDisk, preferably a low-energy HD like the Western Digital WD Green 2TB or 3TB (get it on Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk or Amazon.de) ; these low-energy HDs are especially suited not only because of their low power consumption, but also because of their ability to stay cool during operation since these old TimeCapsules tend to overheat when a regular HD is installed
  • then, place the TimeCapsule upside-down and warm up the rubber bottom plate with a hairdryer to loosen the glue (if you don’t do this, it is nearly impossible to get the rubber bottom plate of without rupturing it)
  • then follow the steps as outlined in this manual by iFixit¬†and¬†be sure to read the important note at Step 2 : “The two screws in the top center of this picture should not be removed at this time. They are locating pins on the hard drive.”
  • then replace the HD and rebuild your TimeCapsule doing the MacFixit steps in revers direction
  • when done, plug your Time Capsule into the power and access it using the AirPort Utility app on your Mac (or iPhone/iPad)
  • in the AirPort Utility app, select the TimeCapsule’s icon and click Edit
  • in the window that opens, go to Disks, then click Erase Disk
  • when that’s done, your new Time Capsule’s HD is ready for use

That’s it ūüėČ

enjoy !

fixed : This file sever will not allow any additional users to log on

Question :

I got this error “This file server will not allow any additional users to log on, please try again later” when I tried to access files that were on my network, but not on my Mac itself.

How can I fix this ?

Answer :

You can get this¬†error when trying to connect to either another Mac or a Time Capsule in your network. The solution depends on the type of ‘server’ you are trying to connect to.

-A-

On a Mac running a normal (non-server) version of MacOSX, only 10 clients can be connected at the same time. If you get this error, despite the fact that you have less than 10 clients connected, try this :

– on the Mac you want to connect to, open the Terminal.app and type this command :

sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.AppleFileServer idleDisconnectOnOff -bool YES

– then press RETURN and you will be asked for your password

– type your password, press RETURN, quit the Terminal.app and you’re done (please note that the cursor will not move while typing your password in Terminal.app)

– whenever you want to undo (or reverse) this action, follow the same routine, but use this command :

sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.AppleFileServer idleDisconnectOnOff -bool NO

-B-

If you get this error message when connecting to a Mac and you need to have more than 10 clients connected, try this :

– upgrade the version of MacOSX you’re running (on the Mac you want to connect to) to the server-version of MacOSX, as OSX Server can handle an unlimited number of clients ; you can get the latest version of OSX Server in the Mac App Store

-C-

If you are trying to connect to a Time Capsule and you get this error message, the problem is something completely different. The Time Capsule can handle up to 50 clients at the same time, so chances of running into that limit in a regular household are low. But, the average internet provider has a limit of only 10 concurrent internet connections on it’s modem at the same time, so if you get this error when trying to connect to a Time Capsule, the 10 internet connections limit will probably be the cause. So try this :

– startup the AirPort Utility on your Mac

– click on the Time Capsule icon so the ‘info balloon’-window will open

– click on the “Edit”-button

– in the window that opens, click the “Network”-tab/button

– at “Router Mode:” select “DCHP and NAT”, so not “Off (Bridge Mode)”

– then click on the “Network Options…”-button

– in the window that opens, at “IPv4 DHCP Range:” select a range of IP-addresses that is different from your internet modem’s IP-range. So, if your internet modem’s IP-range is 192.168.1.xxx select an IP-range like “192.168.2.2 to 200” and click the “Save”-button

– in the next window, click the “Update”-button

– then, back in the ‘info balloon’-window of your Time Capsule, at “status” you will get “Double NAT” with an error mark (yellow dot) next to it… so, click on the “Double NAT”-text and in the pulldown-menu that opens, select “Ignore”

…that’s it !

Enjoy !

ūüėČ

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fixed : Time Machine backup error “sparsebundle in use”

Question :

When Time Machine tried to backup today, it returned an error saying “Time Machine Error. The Backup disk image ….sparsebundle is already in use”. As I am the only one using this backup, I hoped that just trying to do the Time Machine backup manually would help… but it didn’t… it returned the same error…

Restarting my Mac didn’t help either…

How can I fix this ?

Answer :

The “sparsebundle already in use”-error occurs if something went wrong during the last backup (which could be because your Mac froze during the Time Machine backup). In that case your Mac did not properly disconnect from the Time Machine backup, so you will have to do so manually.

Fixing this is rather simple :

If you still have ‘the old’ Airport Utility 5.6 on your Mac (more info on this can be found here : https://macmanus.nl/2012/02/02/airport-utility-6-lost-the-option-to-configure-connected-printers/¬†), you should do this :

Р open Airport Utility 5.6 (which is in the Utilities folder inside your Applications folder)

– select your Time Machine backup drive on the left (e.g. your Time Capsule)

– click on the “Manual” button

– then select the “Disks” icon

– and click on the “Disconnect All Users…” button

– then exit AirPort Utility 5.6 and run Time Machine normally

– …and do not forget to check in the time Machine Preferences if Time Machine is switched ‘ON’

if you do not have AirPort Utility 5.6 (since your Mac has OSX 10.8 “Mountain Lion” in stalled, which only has the stripped-down AirPort Utility 6 without the “Disconnect All Users”-option), you could either download and install AirPort Utility version 5.6 (directly from Apple :¬†http://support.apple.com/kb/DL1482¬†),¬†or you should try this :

– shut down your Time Capsule a.k.a. “pull the power plug” (or other Time Machine backup drive)… and leave it disconnected for about 5 minutes or so

– restart your Mac

– power up your Time Capsule a.k.a. “plug the power cord back in” (or if you have some other sort of Time Machine backup drive, turn it back on)

– go to the Time Machine icon in the Finder’s top menu bar and click “Back Up Now”

– …and do not forget to check in the time Machine Preferences if Time Machine is switched ‘ON’

That’s it !

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tip : quickly switching your AirPort Guest Network ON or OFF from your iPhone, iPad or Mac

Question :

I have an AirPort Guest Network setup on my WiFi network, but most of the time I don’t need it… is there a way to temporarily switch it OFF ?

Answer :

Yes, you can do that quickly using the AirPort Utility app on your iPhone, iPad or Mac.

Here’s how to :

– make sure you have the AirPort Utility app installed (on your Mac it’s pre-installed), for your iPhone or iPad, you can download it here :

http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/airport-utility/id427276530?mt=8

– open the AirPort Utility

– click on the picture of your AirPort Base Station (or Time Capsule)

– if you’re asked to type your password, type the password you’ve set on access of your AirPort Base Station hardware (note : that is something else than your WiFi / AirPort password)

– in the page (on your Mac it’s a popup window) that opens, click the EDIT-button

– on the page that opens in iOS, select your Guest Network and on the next page switch Guest Network OFF and click on DONE, then DONE again on the next page and UPDATE in the popup panel

– on your Mac you should select the “Wireless”-tab and uncheck the check mark in front of Guest Network and click UPDATE

– then wait for the AirPort Base Station (or Time Capsule) to restart, and then exit the AirPort Utility app

– Done !

To switch the Guest Network back on, just use the same procedure, but put the Guest Network to ON (in stead of OFF).

fixed : bypassing AirPort Guest Network conflict with TG712 router-modem

Question :

I’m trying to setup an AirPort Guest Network on my wireless network, so I need to set my AirPort Base Station (or Time Capsule) to “DHCP and NAT”-mode, but I have a TG712 router-modem that doesn’t have any option to turn DHCP off, so I get a “Double NAT”-error. Even my ISP’s helpdesk say they can’t help me on this one… What can I do ?

Answer :

If your router-modem can’t turn off it’s DHCP-server function, you should preferably set your AirPort Base Station (or Time Capsule) to “Bridged Mode”to get the easiest setup and the best performance. On the other hand : if your AirPort Base Station of the 3rd generation or newer (or it is a Time Capsule), then AirPort’s Guest Network mode is the easiest and safest way to give internet access to your visitors¬†(temporary) internet-access, without giving them access to my private wireless/ethernet network. Even though your internet connection performance may slightly degrade, you can get both of these worlds combined. Here’s how :

– first, make sure that your router-modem is on, and that only one ethernet/UTP port is connected ; the ethernet/UTP-cable from that one port should go directly into your AirPort Base Station’s WAN-port and all your WiFi and Ethernet/UTP equipment should connect to the AirPort Base Station, not to the router-modem

Рthen open AirPort Utility (version 6 or newer Рsettings needed in previous versions of AirPort Utility are similar, but the user interface for setting it up is completely different) 

– click on the (large) AirPort Base Station icon

– in the popup window that opens, click on the EDIT-button

– now you’ll get the pulldown window where you can set your preferences

– select the “Internet”-tab

– set “Connect Using:” to “Static”

– if things were on “DHCP” before, ¬†leave the rest as is… else go to “Router Address:” and type your modem-router’s IP-address (for the TG712 that would be 192.168.1.254), then at “IPv4 Address:” type an IP-address that only differs on the last digit (so 192.168.1.12 or something like it) and set “Subnet Mask:” to 255.255.255.0 ; at “DNS Servers:” type the IP-addresses of the Primary and Secondary DNS that your ISP has given you (if you can’t find those, you should be able to use Google’s Public DNSes : 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4)

– select the “Network”-tab

– set “Router Mode:” to “DHCP and NAT”

– then select the “Wireless”-tab

– there, you should put a check mark at “Enable Guest Netwok:” and give your future Guest Network a distinguishable name

– set “Guest Network Security:” to “WPA/WPA2 Personal”

– then, at “Guest Network Password:” type a password that you can easily remember, but is not like any other password you’ve ever used before

– at “Verify Password:” retype that same password

– then select the “Network”-tab again

– there, you should click on the “Network Options…”-button

– in the pulldown panel, set “DHCP Lease:” to “1 day”

– set “IPv4 DHCP Range:” to something different than your router-modem’s DHCP range , so if your router-modem is at IP-address 192.168.1.254 (like the TG712), set it to something like “192.168.2.2 to 200”

– then set “Guest IPv4 DHCP Range:” to yet another range than the router-modem and the primary wireless network – in this example that would be something like “10.0.3.2 to 200”

– put a check mark at “Enable NAT Port Mapping Protocol”

– and do not put a check mark at “Enable default host at:”

– then click SAVE

– and click UPDATE

– in the “AirPort Base Station has closed down” warning window, click OK, and wait…

– you might get a question whether you approve that the “Double NAT” error should not be regarded as an error – if so, click OK

– after that, log into your modem-router and set it’s wireless to “Off” and make sure you set a non-standard password for accessing the router-modem !! (*) (else your visitors can still mess with your network pretty easily)

– Done ! enjoy !

Note : if you have an iPhone or iPad, you can use the free AirPort Utility app to switch your Guest Network quickly ON or OFF now… (for instructions look here)

——————————————————————————————————-

(*) if you have a Speedtouch / Thomson / Technicolor TG712 router-modem (e.g. the one that used to be provided by dutch ISP’s KPN and Wanadoo / Orange / Online / T-Mobile), you should do this as follows :

– in Safari (or any other internet browser) type 192.168.1.254 as the URL

– now your web based control panel for your TG712 router-modem will open

– go to “Home Network” (in the menu on the left) —> “Devices” (in the menu on the left) —> “Configure” (in the upper right corner) and delete the check mark at “Interface enabled:”

– then go to “Toolbox” (in the menu on the left) —> “User administration” (in the menu on the left) and write down the Login (= User name) that is listed there, you will need it later

– the click on “Change My Password” (the link in the middle at the bottom)

– in the page that opens, at “Old password” type nothing (leave blank – there is no preset password), and at “New password” type a password that you’ve never used before and that is hard to crack (if you can’t make up one yourself, you can use OSX’s internal password generator to suggest one to you – look here for instructions) and retype that password at “Confirm new password:”

– then click on the “Cange password”-button and wait for your router-modem to restart

– then login to your router-modem again – this time your will be asked for your login name and password, type both of them and put a check mark at “have OSX Keychain remember these”

– wait for the the web based control panel to open, and then exit by closing the page in your browser

– Done !

Note : don’t be afraid to use a password on your router-modem that you can’t easily remember… if you have it remembered by OSX Keychain you don’t have to… and even if you completely lose the password, you can still reset the modem-router to factory defaults by pressing the RESET button that is on the modem-router housing…